K13-propeller polymorphisms in plasmodium falciparum parasites from sub-saharan Africa

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Journal of Infectious Diseases


Mutations in the Plasmodium falciparum K13-propeller domain have recently been shown to be important determinants of artemisinin resistance in Southeast Asia. This study investigated the prevalence of K13-propeller polymorphisms across sub-Saharan Africa. A total of 1212 P. falciparum samples collected from 12 countries were sequenced. None of the K13-propeller mutations previously reported in Southeast Asia were found, but 22 unique mutations were detected, of which 7 were nonsynonymous. Allele frequencies ranged between 1% and 3%. Three mutations were observed in >1 country, and the A578S was present in parasites from 5 countries. This study provides the baseline prevalence of K13-propeller mutations in sub-Saharan Africa. © 2015 The Author. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved.



artemisinin resistance, K13-propeller, sub-Saharan Africa