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Title: The Concept of Climate Change Management: An Analysis of the Kyoto Protocol
Authors: Attuquayefio, P.
Aniagyei, J.
University of Ghana, College of Humanities, Legon Centre for International Affairs and Diplomacy
Keywords: Climate
Climate Change
Kyoto Protocol
Issue Date: Jul-2015
Publisher: University Of Ghana
Abstract: Over the past two centuries, the planet earth has experienced a disequilibrium within the ecosystem, severely altering its natural cycle and compromising the natural chain of interdependence of activities within the ecosystem. These environment related challenges of the past two centuries have been attributed to the unbridled quest for wealth creation by individuals and nations through the process of industrialization and poverty reduction. The collective effect of this has been termed by experts under the broad concept of environmental degradation, entailing various elements such as ozone depletion, deforestation, pollution of land and water resources and recently climate change, amongst others. In order to reverse the negative trend of environmental degradation, international cooperative efforts have been underway since the late 20th century. Ozone layer depletion and climate change are two environmental challenges that have received global attention and for which cooperative international actions were pursued to address. In this regard the Montreal and the Kyoto Protocols were adopted by the international community to curb the menace of ozone depletion and climate change respectively. The successful implementation of the Montreal Protocol led to the phasing out of 98% ozone depleting substances. Against the background of the success of the Montreal Protocol, the Kyoto Protocol was expected to achieve similar feat in addressing the climate change problem. On the contrary, the Kyoto Protocol has generally been considered as a failure. Against this background, this study examines the Kyoto Protocol and the factors underlying its failure, in order to proffer recommendations towards the successful implantation of future multilateral environmental agreements. Drawing on both primary and secondary sources of information and the content analysis of the available information on the subject, the study reveals that economic reasons largely underlie the failure of the Kyoto Protocol. Furthermore, controversies surrounding the subject matter climate change some of which have manifested in climate denials. Again, the study revealed that contestations surrounding the categorization of states into Annex 1 and non-Annex 1 countries under the Kyoto Protocol have led to conditions that contributed to the failure of the Protocol. Among others, study recommends that future environment protocols ensure economic balance so that statesā€˜economic interests are not affected. Furthermore, future environment protocols should ensure thorough political participation to address all issues before being adopted.
Description: Thesis (MA)-University of Ghana, 2015
Appears in Collections:Legon Centre for International Affairs and Diplomacy

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