Lipid Stability in Soyflours Produced From Raw And Processed Soybeans

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dc.contributor.advisor Ayernor G. S.
dc.contributor.author Bonsi, R.
dc.contributor.other University of Ghana, College of Basic and Applied Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Food Science
dc.date.accessioned 2014-05-21T09:41:13Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-13T17:14:23Z
dc.date.available 2014-05-21T09:41:13Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-13T17:14:23Z
dc.date.issued 2001-06
dc.identifier.uri http://197.255.68.203/handle/123456789/5068
dc.description Thesis (MPhil)-University of Ghana en_US
dc.description.abstract Soybean, a high protcin/oil legume is known (o contain high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are susceptible to lipid oxidation and hydrolysis. However, suitable processing methods and storage conditions can enhance the stability o f lipid in soyflour. The objective of the project was to investigate the effects of some processing methods and storage conditions on the stability of lipid in soyflour and to define the parameters for the prediction of the shelf life soyflour. Some whole commercial soybeans were milled into raw soyflour. Some o f the whole beans were cooked for one hour, and milled into cooked-dried soyflour. The final portion was roasted in an open pan and then milled into roasted soyflour. The raw, cooked-dried and roasted flours produced were stored at temperatures of 5, 16, 30, 42, 68 and 80°C, and at water activities of 0.15, 0.23, 0.45, 0.68 and 0.75 for 12 weeks. Indices of lipid oxidation (peroxide value and ihiobarbituric acid number) and an index of lipid hydrolysis (free fatty acids) were determined at time intervals of 0, 2, 6, 10 and 12 weeks. Sensory evaluation was performed on the samples stored at 5 and 30°C at storage times of 4, 8,10 and 12 weeks. Results showed that the rates of lipid oxidation and hydrolysis were higher in raw soy flour than in the heat-processed flours at the same storage temperature and time and at (he same water activity. The rale of lipid hydrolysis was found to be minimal at 5°C and maximal at 3-0 °C in both raw and heat-processed soy II ours. The rate of lipid oxidation was also found lo be minimal at water activity corresponding to the average monolayer value of both raw and heatprocessed soydours. The flavour of raw and heat-processed Hours began to change significantly after 6 and 12 weeks of storage respectively; and this occurred at peroxide value of 4.21 meq/kg and thiobarbituric acid number of 9.76 mg/kg. Hcat-treatment of soybeans prior to processing into Hours yield Hours with lower rates o f chemical reactions, which result in minimal lipid oxidation and hydrolysis. Storage of soy Hour under cold condition or maintaining (he moisture content of soyllour at or close to the monolayer value of soy Hour results in lower rates of chemical reactions, which increases the stability of lipids in soyHour. The shelf life of soyllour can be predicted when the peroxide value and the TBA Number of soyHour are known. It is possible to extend the shelf life of soyHour by heat-processing the beans prior to milling into Hour and storing the flour under cold conditions. en_US
dc.format.extent xix, 145p.
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Ghana
dc.title Lipid Stability in Soyflours Produced From Raw And Processed Soybeans en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.rights.holder University of Ghana


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