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Title: Analysis of human T cell clones specific for conserved peptide sequences within malaria proteins: Paucity of clones responsive to intact parasites
Authors: Quakyi, I.A.
Currier, J.
Fell, A.
Taylor, D.W.
Roberts, T.
Houghten, R.A.
Good, M.F.
Keywords: EMTREE drug terms: epitope; malaria vaccine
EMTREE medical terms: adolescent; adult; aged; amino acid sequence; antibody titer; article; cellular immunity; clinical article; female; helper cell; human; human cell; malaria; male; nonhuman; plasmodium falciparum; priority journal; protein processing; t lymphocyte; vaccination
MeSH: Adult; Aged; Amino Acid Sequence; Animal; Antigens, Protozoan; Clone Cells; Female; Human; Interferon Type II; Lymphocyte Activation; Male; Middle Age; Molecular Sequence Data; Peptides; Plasmodium falciparum; Protozoan Proteins; Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; T-Lymphocytes
Issue Date: 1994
Publisher: Journal of Immunology
Citation: Quakyi, I. A., Currier, J., Fell, A., Taylor, D. W., Roberts, T., Houghten, R. A., . . . Good, M. F. (1994). Analysis of human T cell clones specific for conserved peptide sequences within malaria proteins: Paucity of clones responsive to intact parasites. Journal of Immunology, 153(5), 2082-2092
Abstract: T cells are thought to be of central importance in malaria immunity. Peptides copying malaria protein sequences often stimulate human CD4+ T cells and it was thought that they represented T cell epitopes present in the parasite and may thus have particular relevance to malaria vaccine development. To verify whether synthetic peptides representing highly conserved regions of parasite Ags may contribute to a malaria vaccine, we searched the data bank for conserved regions of Plasmodium falciparum malaria proteins that were not homologous to known self (human) proteins. We synthesized 24 such peptides representing 11 of the cloned and sequenced malaria asexual stage Ags, which were predicted by algorithms to represent T cell epitopes, and 6 peptides not predicted to be T cell epitopes and used these to generate T cell clones from individuals with an extensive previous history of malaria exposure. The T cell clones responded vigorously to many peptides but only a single clone, specific for a peptide within merozoite surface protein-1, 20-39, VTHESYQELVKKLEALEDAV, and not previously defined to be a T cell epitope responded to malaria parasites by proliferation and secretion of IFN-γ. This epitope was not revealed by studying parasite- induced T cell lines and is thus subdominant. The clone was able to significantly inhibit parasite growth in vitro. The final step in the inhibition of parasite growth appears to be nonspecific because other activated clones (not specific for malaria sequences) can inhibit parasite growth. Our data suggest that few conserved peptides within malaria parasites can be processed from the intact parasite. However, such peptides that can be processed from malaria parasites may be expected to stimulate parasite- specific T cells that could inhibit parasite growth and as such may be lead candidates for a vaccine aimed at inducing cellular immunity to malaria.
ISSN: 00221767
Appears in Collections:School of Public Health 9

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