Rural healthcare providers coping with clinical care delivery challenges: lessons from three health centres in Ghana

Show simple item record Bawontuo, V. Adomah-Afari, A. Amoah, W.W. Kuupiel, D. Agyepong, I.A. 2021-04-06T12:21:26Z 2021-04-06T12:21:26Z 2021
dc.identifier.citation en_US
dc.description Research Article en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: Rural settings in low- and middle-income countries are bedeviled with poverty and high disease burden, and lack adequate resources to deliver quality healthcare to the population. Drug shortage and inadequate number and skill-mix of healthcare providers is very common in rural health facilities. Hence, rural healthcare providers have no choice but to be innovative and introduce some strategies to cope with health delivery challenges at the health centre levels. This study explored how and why rural healthcare providers cope with clinical care delivery challenges at the health centre levels in Ghana. Methods: This study was a multiple case studies involving three districts: Bongo, Kintampo North, and Juaboso districts. In each case study district, a cross-sectional design was used to explore the research question. Purposive sampling technique was used to select study sites and the study participants. The authors conducted 11 interviews, 9 focus group discussions (involving 61 participants), and 9-week participant observation (in 3 health centres). Transcription of the voice-recordings was done verbatim, cleaned and imported into the Nvivo version 11 platform for analysis. Data was analysed using the inductive content analysis approach. Ethical clearance was granted by the Ethics Review Committee of the Ghana Health Service. Results: The study found three main coping strategies (borrowing, knowledge sharing and multi-tasking). First, borrowing arrangements among primary health care institutions help to address the periodic shortage of medical supplies at the health centres. Secondly, knowledge sharing among healthcare providers mitigates skills gap during service delivery; and finally, rural healthcare providers use multi-tasking to avert staff inadequacy challenges during service delivery at the health centre levels. Conclusion: Borrowing, knowledge sharing, and multi-tasking are coping strategies that are sustaining and potentially improving health outcomes at the district levels in Ghana. We recommend that health facilities across all levels of care in Ghana and other settings with similar challenges could adopt and modify these strategies in order to ensure quality healthcare delivery amidst delivery challenges en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher BMC Family Practice en_US
dc.subject Rural healthcare providers en_US
dc.subject Borrowing en_US
dc.subject Knowledge sharing en_US
dc.subject Multi-tasking en_US
dc.title Rural healthcare providers coping with clinical care delivery challenges: lessons from three health centres in Ghana en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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