Eight decades of invasion by Chromolaena odorata (Asteraceae) and its biological control in West Africa: the story so far

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dc.contributor.author Adom, M.
dc.contributor.author Aigbedion-Atalor, P.O.
dc.contributor.author Day, M.D.
dc.contributor.author Uyi, O.
dc.contributor.author Egbon, I.N.
dc.contributor.author Idemudia, I.
dc.contributor.author Igbinosa, I.B.
dc.contributor.author Paterson, I.D.
dc.contributor.author Braimah, H.
dc.contributor.author Wilson, D.D.
dc.contributor.author Zachariades, C.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-11-25T10:21:08Z
dc.date.available 2019-11-25T10:21:08Z
dc.date.issued 2019-09-24
dc.identifier.other https://doi.org/10.1080/09583157.2019.1670782
dc.identifier.uri http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/33808
dc.description Research Article en_US
dc.description.abstract Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M. King and H. Robinson (Asteraceae) is a perennial weedy shrub of neotropical origin and a serious biotic threat in its invasive range. The Asian-West Africa (AWA) biotype of C. odorata present in West Africa is both morphologically and genetically different from the southern African (SA) biotype. The AWA biotype was first introduced into Nigeria in the late 1930s and rapidly spread across West Africa. Currently, 12 of the 16 countries in West Africa have been invaded, with significant negative effects on indigenous flora and fauna. However, locals in West Africa have found several uses for the weed. As chemical, physical and other conventional methods were unsustainable, costly and largely ineffective, three biological control agents, Apion brunneonigrum (Coleoptera: Brentidae), Pareuchaetes pseudoinsulata (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) and Cecidochares connexa (Diptera: Tephritidae), have been released in West Africa between the 1970s and the early 2000s. However, only C. connexa and P. pseudoinsulata established, contributing to the control of the weed, in six and four countries in West Africa respectively. Limited research funding, the absence of post-release evaluations of the established agents, and the ‘conflict of interest’ status of C. odorata (i.e. being beneficial for local use but damaging to ecosystem services and agriculture), are serious factors deterring the overall biological control effort. Here, using historical records and field surveys, we examine the invasion history, spread, impacts, and management of C. odorata in West Africa and make recommendations for the sustainable management of C. odorata in the region. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The Working for Water Programme (WfW) of the Department of Environment Forestry and Fisheries: Natural Resource Management Programmes (DEFF: NRM), as well as by the South African Research Chairs Initiative (SARChI) of the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and the National Research Foundation (NRF). en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Biocontrol Science and Technology en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries 29;12
dc.subject Invasive alien plant en_US
dc.subject weed en_US
dc.subject biocontrol en_US
dc.subject introduction and impact en_US
dc.subject management strategies en_US
dc.subject Pareuchaetes pseudoinsulata en_US
dc.subject Cecidochares connexa en_US
dc.title Eight decades of invasion by Chromolaena odorata (Asteraceae) and its biological control in West Africa: the story so far en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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