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Title: Socio-economic determinants are not major risk factors for severe malaria in Gambian children.
Authors: Koram, K.A.
Bennett, S.
Adiamah, J.H.
Greenwood, B.M.
Keywords: Malaria; Plasmodium falciparum; Risk factors; The Gambia
Issue Date: 1995
Citation: Koram, K. A., Bennett, S., Adiamah, J. H., & Greenwood, B. M. (1995). Socio-economic determinants are not major risk factors for severe malaria in Gambian children. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 89(2), 151-154.
Abstract: Only a small proportion of subjects infected with Plasmodium falciparum develop severe disease. Why this should be is not fully understood. To investigate the possible importance of socio-economic variables on the severity of malaria in Gambian children we undertook a case-control study of 384 children with severe or mild malaria. Few differences were found between the 2 groups. Children with severe malaria had a longer duration of symptoms when recruited than mild cases but this difference was largely accounted for by the fact that most children with severe disease were recruited at a referral hospital, whilst mild cases were recruited at a primary health care facility nearer their home. There was no difference between groups in the time before mothers sought some form of health care. Mothers of children with severe disease were less ready to take their child to hospital than mothers of mild cases, suggesting that education on the importance of taking a child with features of malaria to a health centre as soon as possible might have some effect on the development of severe disease. However, overall, the results of this study suggested that socio-economic and behavioural factors are not the major determinants for severe malaria in African children.
ISSN: 00359203
Appears in Collections:Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research

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