The effect of anmHealth clinical decision-making support systemon neonatal mortality in a low resource setting: A cluster-randomized controlled trial

Show simple item record Amoakoh-Coleman, M. Amoakoh, H.B. Klipstein-Grobusch, K. Agyepong, I.A. Zuithoff, N.P.A. Kayode, G.A. Sarpong, C. Reitsma, J.B. Grobbee, D.E. Ansah, E.K. 2019-09-11T16:02:49Z 2019-09-11T16:02:49Z 2018-03-28
dc.description Research Article en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: MHealth interventions promise to bridge gaps in clinical care but documentation of their effectiveness is limited. We evaluated the utilization and effect of an mhealth clinical decision-making support intervention that aimed to improve neonatal mortality in Ghana by providing access to emergency neonatal protocols for frontline health workers. Methods: In the Eastern Region of Ghana, sixteen districtswere randomized into two study arms (8 intervention and 8 control clusters) in a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Institutional neonatal mortality data were extracted from the District Health Information System-2 during an 18-month intervention period. We performed an intention-to-treat analysis and estimated the effect of the intervention on institutional neonatalmortality (primary outcomemeasure) using grouped binomial logistic regression with a random intercept per cluster. This trial is registered at (NCT02468310) and Pan African Clinical Trials Registry (PACTR20151200109073). Findings: There were 65,831 institutional deliveries and 348 institutional neonatal deaths during the study period. Overall, 47∙3% of deliveries and 56∙9% of neonatal deaths occurred in the intervention arm. During the intervention period, neonatal deaths increased from 4∙5 to 6∙4 deaths and, from3∙9 to 4∙3 deaths per 1000 deliveries in the intervention armand control arm respectively. The odds of neonatal deathwas 2⋅09 (95% CI (1∙00;4∙38); p=0∙051) times higher in the intervention arm compared to the control arm (adjusted odds ratio). The correlation between the number of protocol requests and the number of deliveries per intervention cluster was 0∙71 (p = 0∙05). Interpretation: The higher risk of institutional neonatal death observed in intervention clustersmay be due to problems with birth and death registration, unmeasured and unadjusted confounding, and unintended use of the intervention. The findings underpin the need for careful and rigorous evaluation of mHealth intervention implementation and effects. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Netherlands Foundation for Scientific Research - WOTRO, Science for Global Development; Utrecht University. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher EClinicalMedicine en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries 12;2019
dc.subject Neonatal mortality en_US
dc.subject Ghana en_US
dc.subject mHealth en_US
dc.subject Low and middle income countries en_US
dc.title The effect of anmHealth clinical decision-making support systemon neonatal mortality in a low resource setting: A cluster-randomized controlled trial en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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    The Epidemiology Department contributes to the mission of the institute through basic and applied epidemiological research on, but not limited to, malaria and other diseases of public health importance. It is also home to the Social Science Unit of the Institute, including the Health Support Centre for HIV/AIDS and other communicable and noncommunicable health problems.

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