Estimation of groundwater recharge in sedimentary rock aquifer systems in the Oti basin of Gushiegu District, Northern Ghana

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dc.contributor.author Afrifa, G.Y.
dc.contributor.author Sakyi, P.A.
dc.contributor.author Chegbeleh, L.P.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-13T15:56:42Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-13T15:56:42Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.other vol.131:pp272-283
dc.identifier.other DOI:10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2017.02.035
dc.identifier.uri http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/31994
dc.description.abstract Sustainable development and the management of groundwater resources for optimal socio-economic development constitutes one of the most effective strategies for mitigating the effects of climate change in rural areas where poverty is a critical cause of environmental damage. This research assessed groundwater recharge and its spatial and temporal variations in Gushiegu District in the Northern Region of Ghana, where groundwater is the main source of water supply for most uses. Isotopic data of precipitation and groundwater were used to infer the origin of groundwater and the possible relationship between groundwater and surface water in the partially metamorphosed sedimentary aquifer system in the study area. Though the data do not significantly establish strong relation between groundwater and surface water, the study suggests that groundwater in the area is of meteoric origin. However, the data also indicate significant enrichment of the heavy isotopes (18O and 2H) in groundwater relative to rainwater in the area. The Chloride Mass Balance (CMB) and Water Table Fluctuations (WTF) techniques were used to quantitatively estimate the groundwater recharge in the area. The results suggest groundwater recharge in a range of 13.9 mm/y - 218 mm/y, with an average of 89 mm/yr, representing about 1.4%–21.8% (average 8.9%) of the annual precipitation in the area. There is no clearly defined trend in the temporal variations of groundwater recharge in the area, but the spatial variations are discussed in relation to the underlying lithologies. The results suggest that the fraction of precipitation that reaches the saturated zone as groundwater recharge is largely controlled by the vertical hydraulic conductivities of the material of the unsaturated zone. The vertical hydraulic conductivity coupled with humidity variations in the area modulates the vertical infiltration and percolation of precipitation. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Journal of African Earth Sciences en_US
dc.subject Chloride mass balance; Enrichment; Fractionation; Isotopes; Recharge en_US
dc.title Estimation of groundwater recharge in sedimentary rock aquifer systems in the Oti basin of Gushiegu District, Northern Ghana en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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