Schistosoma Egg Antigen Induces Oncogenic Alterations in Human Prostate Cells

Show simple item record Tuffour, I. Ayi, I. Gwira, T.M. Dumashie, E. Ashong, Y. Appiah-Opong, R. 2019-07-16T11:21:18Z 2019-07-16T11:21:18Z 2018-12
dc.description.abstract Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease that affects 200 million people and accounts for 100,000 deaths annually. In endemic geographical areas, schistosomiasis has been implicated as an etiological agent in the pathogenesis of bladder, colorectal, and renal carcinoma largely due to Schistosoma eggs in tissues that comes with chronic infection. Several studies have also reported cases of association between Schistosoma infection and prostate cancer. The possible causal association is however poorly understood. We hypothesized in this study that infection of the prostate cells with Schistosoma spp promotes cancer. Urine samples from individuals living in Galilea, a schistosomiasis endemic community in the Ga South District of Ghana, were collected and screened for Schistosoma infection via microscopy and multiplex PCR. Soluble egg antigens (SEA) were prepared from Schistosoma egg- positive urine samples and assessed for the ability to induce cancer-like phenotypes including excessive proliferation, oxidative stress (reduced glutathione (GSH) depletion), and diminished apoptosis in cultured human prostate (PNT2) cells. Molecular analysis revealed infecting schistosome species to be S.haematobium and S. mansoni. Prostate cell proliferation was significantly induced by 12.5 μg/ml SEA (p=0029). Also, SEA dose-dependently depleted cellular GSH. Flow cytometric analysis and fluorescence staining revealed that SEA dose-dependently diminished apoptosis, significantly, in prostate cells. Findings of this study suggest that schistosome infection may play a role in the pathogenesis of prostate cancer. In vivo studies are however needed to confirm this association. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Analytical cellular pathology (Amsterdam) en_US
dc.title Schistosoma Egg Antigen Induces Oncogenic Alterations in Human Prostate Cells en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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