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Title: Burkitt's lymphoma in Ghana: Urban-rural distribution, time-space clustering and seasonality.
Authors: Biggar, R.J.
Nkrumah, F.K.
Keywords: Burkitt's lymphoma
Rural population
Urban population
Issue Date: 1979
Publisher: International Journal of Cancer
Citation: Biggar, R. J., & Nkrumah, F. K. (1979). Burkitt's lymphoma in Ghana: Urban-rural distribution, time-space clustering and seasonality. International Journal of Cancer, 23(3), 330-336.
Abstract: Epidemiological data are summarized from 236 cases of Burkitt's lymphoma (greater than 90% cytologically or histologically confirmed) seen from 1970 through 1975 at Korle Bu Hospital, Accra, Ghana. The rate of referral from rural areas was greater than that from urban areas, despite a probable bias toward referral from urban areas. The distribution of cases in Ghana appeared to be non-random but we attribute this to variable access to medical care and physician interest. Rainfall did not appear to be an important factor. Seasonal variation and time-space clustering were not observed. The incidence here seems lower than that reported in East Africa. We found no evidence of an environmental influence with a short incubation period, as has been postulated for this disease in East Africa. The higher risk among rural patients is consistent with severe malaria being a factor in the etiology of Burkitt's lymphoma.
Appears in Collections:Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research

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