Plant analysis by butterflies: Occurrence of cyclopentenylglycines in Passifloraceae, Flacourtiaceae, and Turneraceae and discovery of the novel nonproteinogenic amino acid 2-(3′-cyclopentenyl)glycine in Rinorea

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dc.contributor.author Clausen, V.
dc.contributor.author Frydenvang, K.
dc.contributor.author Koopmann, R.
dc.contributor.author Jørgensen, L.B.
dc.contributor.author Abbiw, D.K.
dc.contributor.author Ekpe, P.
dc.contributor.author Jaroszewski, J.W.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-28T15:32:10Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-28T15:32:10Z
dc.date.issued 2002-05
dc.identifier.other Vol. 65(4): pp 542-7
dc.identifier.other DOI: 10.1021/np010572c
dc.identifier.uri http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/28456
dc.description.abstract Following records about feeding habits of nymphalid butterflies, a novel nonproteinogenic L-amino acid, (S)-2-(3′-cyclopentenyl)glycine (11), was discovered in Rinorea ilicifolia, a species where the presence of a cyclopentanoid natural product of this kind was neither known nor anticipated from the taxonomic point of view. Another novel amino acid, (2S,1′S,2′S)-2-(2′-hydroxy-3′-cyclopentenyl)glycine (12), the stereochemistry of which was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, was shown to occur in species belonging to Flacourtiaceae, Passifloraceae, and Turneraceae. These species, many of which serve as hosts for nymphalid butterflies (Acraeinae, Heliconiinae, Argynninae), also produce 2-(2′-cyclopentenyl)glycine. Cyclopentenylglycines are proposed to be novel chemical recognition templates for plant-insect interactions. Ratios between the epimers of (2S)-2-(2′-cyclopentenyl)glycine, which co-occur in plants, were determined by 1H NMR spectroscopy. Contrary to a previous report, the (2S,1′R) epimer always appears to predominate over the (2S,1′S) epimer. Stereochemical aspects of biosynthesis of natural cyclopentanoid cyanogenic glycosides are discussed in relation to these findings. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Natural Products en_US
dc.title Plant analysis by butterflies: Occurrence of cyclopentenylglycines in Passifloraceae, Flacourtiaceae, and Turneraceae and discovery of the novel nonproteinogenic amino acid 2-(3′-cyclopentenyl)glycine in Rinorea en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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