Efficacy of DEET and non-DEET-based insect repellents against bites of Simulium damnosum vectors of onchocerciasis

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dc.contributor.author Wilson, M.D.
dc.contributor.author Osei-Atweneboana, M.
dc.contributor.author Boakye, D.A.
dc.contributor.author Osei-Akoto, I.
dc.contributor.author Obuobi, E.
dc.contributor.author Wiafe, C.
dc.contributor.author Kiszewski, A.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-12-13T12:14:46Z
dc.date.available 2018-12-13T12:14:46Z
dc.date.issued 2013-06
dc.identifier.other https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2915.2012.01054.x
dc.identifier.other Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 226-231
dc.identifier.uri http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/26405
dc.description.abstract Coping strategies including smoke screens are used against nuisance bites of Simulium damnosum Theobald (Diptera:Simuliidae) in onchocerciasis endemic communities. To find more effective alternatives, the efficacy of commercially available N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET) products with active concentrations of 9.5, 13, 25, 50 and 98.1-100% and 'NO MAS,' (active component: para-menthane-3,8-diol and lemon grass oil) were tested at Bui-Agblekame, Ghana. A Latin square study design was implemented using eight groups of two vector collectors each, who used repellents (treatment), mineral oil or nothing each day until the end of the study. Flies were caught and their numbers each hour recorded using the standard methods for onchocerciasis transmission studies. T-tests were used to compare the mean duration of protection and a one-way analysis of variance controlling for catchers and repellents was performed. Tukey's test was used to compare protection by repellents and mineral oil. The highest percentage protection was 80.8% by NO MAS and the least 42.5% by the 13% DEET product. The period of absolute protection was 5 h by NO MAS and 1 h by 50% DEET product. No significant increase in protection was offered beyond 25% active DEET products and no significance was observed in terms of catcher × repellent effect (F = 1.731, d.f. = 48, P = 0.209). © 2012 The Royal Entomological Society. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Medical and Veterinary Entomology en_US
dc.subject Coping strategies en_US
dc.subject DEET en_US
dc.subject Insect repellents en_US
dc.subject Onchocerciasis en_US
dc.subject Simulium damnosum en_US
dc.title Efficacy of DEET and non-DEET-based insect repellents against bites of Simulium damnosum vectors of onchocerciasis en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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  • Parasitology Department [253]
    The Department of Parasitology conducts research into parasitic diseases of public health importance with the overall goal of reducing their transmission and the heavy disease burden that they impose on affected populations. The Department maintains focus on parasitic diseases in general. These include major diseases such as malaria, and others listed under the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) control initiative such as, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthiasis, trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis.

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