Role of species composition in malaria transmission by the Anopheles funestus group (Diptera: Culicidae) in Ghana

Show simple item record Dadzie, S.K. Brenyah, R. Appawu, M.A. 2018-12-13T11:09:43Z 2018-12-13T11:09:43Z 2013-06
dc.identifier.other Volume 38, Issue 1,Pages 105-110
dc.description.abstract Malaria remains a public health problem in Ghana, with Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles funestus as the predominant vectors. While much information exists on the species composition of An. gambiae, very little exists for An. funestus. This study was carried out to determine the species composition of An. funestus Giles populations from three ecological areas in Ghana and investigate their role in malaria transmission. Mosquitoes were collected using human landing and pyrethrum spray methods. A total of 10,254 Anopheles individuals were collected, out of which An. funestus constituted 53.6% (5,496). An. funestus sensu stricto (s.s.) and Anopheles lessoni were identified as the only members of the An. funestus group in all three ecological areas. All 62 sporozoite positive specimens that were identified as An. funestus s.s. were highly anthropophilic with a human blood index in the range of 80-96%, whereas more than 83% of the An. leesoni had fed on either bovine, goat, or sheep. Malaria transmission was higher in the Sahel savannah area than the rest of the ecological zones, with An. funestus s.s. being implicated as a vector of malaria in all ecological zones. Anopheles leesoni occurred in all the ecological areas but played no role in malaria transmission. The study established the importance of An. funestus s.s. in malaria transmission in Ghana. © 2013 The Society for Vector Ecology. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Vector Ecology en_US
dc.subject Anopheles funestus en_US
dc.subject Ecology en_US
dc.subject Ghana en_US
dc.subject Malaria en_US
dc.subject Mosquitoes en_US
dc.subject Transmission en_US
dc.title Role of species composition in malaria transmission by the Anopheles funestus group (Diptera: Culicidae) in Ghana en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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  • Parasitology Department [244]
    The Department of Parasitology conducts research into parasitic diseases of public health importance with the overall goal of reducing their transmission and the heavy disease burden that they impose on affected populations. The Department maintains focus on parasitic diseases in general. These include major diseases such as malaria, and others listed under the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) control initiative such as, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthiasis, trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis.

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