Oral Health Status among Hearing Impaired Students at State School For The Deaf, Ashaiman

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dc.contributor.author Newman, S.L.A.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-08-09T16:08:29Z
dc.date.available 2018-08-09T16:08:29Z
dc.date.issued 2017-07
dc.identifier.uri http://ugspace.ug.edu.gh/handle/123456789/23843
dc.description Thesis (MPH) en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: Oral health is key to the overall health status and quality of life. Dental caries and periodontal conditions are the most common oral health issues globally. Individuals with special needs, especially children, require extra care in daily activities as compared to individuals in the general population. These children will have to learn good oral health habits in order to pass it on to their colleagues and to their children. The aim of this study was to determine the oral health status and treatment needs of the hearing impaired students. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional quantitative purposive study of hearing impaired students at a state school for the deaf at Adjei Kojo in Ashaiman. The study participants were selected based on the set exclusion and inclusion criteria. A total of 181 students participated in the study. Data collection included administration of questionnaires which were translated into sign language and videotaped. The video clips were then played to the students to assist them in filling out the questionnaire. Clinical assessments and recording were done for debris deposits, calculus, pocket depth and bleeding on probing. Teeth were also assessed for decayed, filled and missing. Data was entered and analyzed using Stata V14. Descriptive and inferential analysis were done which included chi-square tests, Fisher’s exact and binary and ordered logistic regression analysis. Results: There was unsatisfactory (90.61%) oral hygiene status of the students with 77.25% with unmet treatment need for the hearing impaired students. The dental caries prevalence rate was 24% with mean DMFT/dmft score of 0.45 (SD: 0.885) and 0.11(0.105) respectively. A significant association was identified between oral health knowledge and practices with oral health status. Conclusion: This was a descriptive study to give baseline data for this special group of students. The study also aimed at filling the literature gap and to determine the influence of oral health knowledge and practices on oral health status in the students with hearing impairment. More effort is thus needed in oral health education to re-iterate the importance of oral health. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher University of Ghana en_US
dc.subject Oral health en_US
dc.subject Ashaiman en_US
dc.subject Deaf en_US
dc.subject Students en_US
dc.subject Impaired en_US
dc.title Oral Health Status among Hearing Impaired Students at State School For The Deaf, Ashaiman en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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