Inclusions in Runner Steel During Ingot Casting

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dc.contributor.author Zhang, L.
dc.contributor.author Yang, S.
dc.contributor.author Damoah, L.N.W.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-01-03T08:23:00Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-14T06:40:42Z
dc.date.available 2013-01-03T08:23:00Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-14T06:40:42Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Iron and Steel Research, International, 2011, 18 (Supplement 2), pp. 283-297 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://197.255.68.203/handle/123456789/2309
dc.description.abstract This paper reported the observation of inclusions in the steel of an ingot runner. Thermodynamic modeling was performed to study the formation mechanism and sources of inclusions. CFD modeling on fluid flow, heat transfer, solidification of molten steel was carried out and the entrapment of inclusions in runner steel was predicted and compared with the measurement. Al2O3-based inclusions were the main ones in the steel samples. MgOˑAl2O3 mainly stemmed from the lining refractory. The high MnO inclusions in the runner steel came from the runner slag. The effect of natural convection was very important for the cooling and solidification of the steel in the runner. Both the observation and the modeling show that > 50μm inclusions more accumulated on the upper area in the runner and < 50μm inclusions dispersed well and more accumulated on the lower area of the runner. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher John Wiley & Sons, Inc. en_US
dc.subject steel en_US
dc.subject Inclusions en_US
dc.subject ingot casting en_US
dc.subject Fluid flow en_US
dc.subject entrapment en_US
dc.subject Modeling en_US
dc.title Inclusions in Runner Steel During Ingot Casting en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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